Socio-economic condition of Women and their role for sustainable development in developing and under developed countries

Women have been a part of oppression and exploitation for a very long time, all over the world. It took serval efforts and sacrifices for women, to raise their voice and get their rights and equality to endure in the world that is supposedly run by the men and is acclaimed to be of men. By the time of 21st century, many western countries have developed and grown to give equal opportunities and space to women with no or very less biasness, whereas the third-world countries are still way behind to recognize women as equal as to the men.

For developing or underdeveloped nations, manpower plays an important role. Yet, due to their inability to recognize the capability of their existing potential manpower in the form of women, has been one of the main reasons that they are still lacking behind to compete against the developed nations around the world. As, the development and growth of the women at the same pace as of the men, ensure the progression of the country as a whole. It also signifies the achievement of the nation on sustainable development, where both the genders, male and female are treated equally without exploiting the “traditional gender roles” enforced and reinforced for the benefit of the men.

Furthermore, the socioeconomic status (SES) plays an important role to uplift the women and their presence in society. It encompasses the quality of life that the women have, along with the opportunities and the privileges in terms of education, physical and mental health, societal acceptance and behavior, legal policies and laws, advocacy, and personal freedom and individual rights. 

Yet, in the developing and underdeveloped nations, the idea of providing opportunities for women and embellishing them with privileges is still very new and can be a taboo at many remote places. Though, research shows that at many developing nations like India, Nepal, Maldives, Malaysia, and Pakistan, they have the tendency, mainly among middle-class families to cherish the presence of working women. However, these working women still do not have equal freedom and voice like the men, as they are thoroughly exploited through the notion of a “dual burden”.

Women with “dual burden” are exploited in the workspace as a “paid-employees whose labor contributes to the ruling-class profits, and at the home, they are the unpaid-employees whose labor mainly benefits the men.” Therefore, as argued by the sociologists Duncombe and Marsden (1993), women of these developing nations are now exploited even more than ever before, where they are compelled to invest themselves for the sake of others, in the name of professionalism and family welfare, without caring much of about their own mental and physical well-being.

Likewise, in terms of education, though the literacy level of women has increased immensely by almost 60%, yet, women are still highly segregated and are channelled by the education system that the society has formed, defining what kind of degree the women should peruse or occupation they must consider, which ensures that their household activities are not affected by their work. Therefore, the third world nations have stereotyped female-dominated occupations which includes teachers, nurse, secretarial work, etc, whereas male-dominated occupations are considered to be engineering, computing, and construction, etc.

In addition, at the remote areas of the developing or underdeveloped nations, it’s a complete taboo for a woman to even show their face or have their presence among the man, women have no right to upstand the men and need to follow whatever decisions are made by the men on their behalf. It is devastating, to acknowledge women at various parts of the third-world countries are treated like the animals or even worse with extensive violence and abusement, and they are just considered to be the toy for sexual pleasure and a child-bearing machine to run the family name and nothing else.

The things mentioned above are some examples that women of developing nations and underdeveloped nations are struggling with, on a daily basis. Therefore, it is important to acknowledge the significance of empowering women with socio-economic freedom, which allows them to be aware of their basic rights and motivates them to fight for gender equality.

The SES builds the women a space to create a name of their own shifts their dependency from men and enlightens them to become a decision-maker at all levels from household to international institutions. And for this, as per the United Nation with their 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, they are aiming to empower women in the economy and also to close the gender gaps in the world of work. For example, with the 2030 goal, the UN aims to increase the female employment rate, ensure equal pay rights, address the awareness on disproportionate responsibility for unpaid care and domestic work, establish financial institutions at remote areas for women, assist women to access digital innovations, conduct entrepreneurial support to women and many more.

 Considering this, KAii also aims to create a better world for women with its “Better World Goal”, where it targets to create a society that better fits for women, with equal rights and opportunities. Here, at KAii, our major work projects focus to be at the developing and underdeveloped nations, by ensuring sustainable development. And, KAii Group with its projects, aims to eradicate gender inequality, violence and achieve a fair and equal society for all. Thus, it would be a privilege for us at KAii, to work with all the female enthusiasts from these nations. So, come, join us at KAii- and let us build a better world, together, where Females have their all rights to live in!


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